Cornwall is a city in Eastern Ontario, Canada, and the seat of the United Counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry. Cornwall is Ontario's easternmost city, found on the Saint Lawrence River, in the Quebec City–windsor Corridor along Ontario Highway 401, and is the urban habitat for encompassing groups, including Long Sault and Ingleside to the west, Mohawk Territory of Akwesasne to the south, St. Andrew's and Avonmore to the north, and Glen Walter, Martintown, Williamstown, and Lancaster to the east.
Cornwall lies on the 45th parallel, give or take 100 kilometers (62 mi) southeast of Ottawa, the national capital, 120 kilometers (75 mi) southwest of Montreal, Quebec's biggest city, and 400 kilometers (250 mi) northeast of Toronto, the commonplace capital. It is named after the English Duchy of Cornwall; the city's ensign is focused around that of the duchy with its colors switched and the expansion of an "illustrious tressure", a Scottish image of sovereign Royalty
Native people groups have existed in and around the region of present day Cornwall for centuries.
The principal genuine European settlement was secured in 1784, by United Empire Loyalists, essentially from New York. Disbanded fighters and their families started to settle at the site of Cornwall, then called New Johnstown.
They were driven by Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Johnson and were officers from the First Battalion King's Royal Regiment of New York and an unexpected of the 84th Royal Highland Emigrants. Emulating the achievement of defiant pioneers in the American Revolution, the United Empire Loyalists (as they were later called) moved to Canada. The British government helped them settle there in prize for their steadfastness and remuneration for their misfortunes in the United States.
They established a settlement on the site once called Pointe Maligne by French pioneers and renamed it New Johnstown. It was later renamed Cornwall by the British for the Duke of Cornwall, by declaration of Prince George, and in 1834 the town turned into one of the initially fused districts in the British state of Upper Canada. The development of the Cornwall Canal somewhere around 1834 and 1842 quickened the group's advancement into a mechanical centre.
Arranged west of Cornwall, along the St. Lawrence River, were a few littler groups. Presently known as the Lost Villages, the groups were forever overwhelmed in 1958 by the development of the St. Lawrence Seaway. The monstrous Moses-Saunders Power Dam at the western end of the city obliged a supply, and the towns were overflowed when it was filled.
Cornwall is a port-of-passage into (Canada Border Services surrendered the Cornwall Island post May 31, 2009, however continued administration on July 13, 2009, at transitory offices on the city's southern edge). The city is joined with the United States at Roosevelttown, close to the districts of Massena, New York and Malone, New York, by means of the Three Nations Crossing (Canada, Mohawk, and U.s.a.) which crosses the St. Lawrence River and Cornwall Island, placed inside the Ontario segment of Akwesasne, a basically Mohawk save.
Cornwall was once home to a flourishing cotton transforming industry. Courtaulds Canada, Inc's. rayon assembling plant worked until 1992; at one point it utilized about 3,000 individuals. Domtar, a Quebec-based organization, worked a paper process in the city for almost 100 years, stopping operations on March 31, 2006. At its crest, Domtar utilized almost 1,500 workers. Also, Canadian Industries Limited (C.i.l.), now Pioneer Chemicals, has worked a plant in Cornwall since 1935. The Cornwall, ON area has been changed over into a major deriatives plant.
Notable Cornwall Jail, now County Courthouse
Cornwall's mechanical base has now moved to a more expanded blend of assembling, auto, innovative, sustenance transforming, and call focuses. The City has the biggest SCM conveyance focus in Canada, its huge 1,500,000-square-foot (140,000 m2) office utilizing almost 1000 individuals. Startek and Teleperformance both work call focuses in Cornwall. Teleperformance gives in overabundance of 300 occupations. In late 2008, Shopper's Drug Mart proclaimed the development of a 500,000 sq.ft. appropriation office in Cornwall's Business Park. Development began on the new office in the mid year of 2009; more than 130 new occupations will be made. Administration Canada has built another contact focus which opened in 2010. More than 170 new occupations were made. Cornwall's unemployment rate is around 4%.
Moneysense magazine evaluated Cornwall as Canada's 167th best place to live (out of 190), in 2012.
The 2006 enumeration demonstrates that English is the first dialect of more or less 68% of the populace, while 24% consider French their first local dialect. The rest of various native languages, including (among others) Mohawk, Greek, Italian, Urdu, Hindi, Arabic, and Tamil.
The City of Cornwall is administered by a chose eleven-part City Council made out of the Mayor and ten Councilors speaking to the City all in all. The Mayor and City Councilors serve four-year terms.
At the 2010 metropolitan race 56.5% of qualified voters did not vote—out of 30,655 enrolled voters, 13,338 cast votes (43.5%).
The chairman of Cornwall is Bob Kilger. Cornwall is arranged inside the electing locale of Stormont—Dundas—South Glengarry, which is spoken to commonly by MPP Jim Mcdonell (Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario), and governmentally by MP Guy Lauzon (Conservative). John Sandfield Macdonald, the first Premier of Ontario, was from Cornwall, and is covered in St. Andrews West at the Catholic Church cemetery.
The city of Cornwall hosts celebrations and exceptional group occasions including; Canada Day merriments, and "Lift Off" hot air inflatable celebration.
Cornwall is named after the district of Cornwall in the United Kingdom. Its signal additionally bears the emblem and colors of the banner of the Duchy of Cornwall.
Lift Off is a yearly celebration revolved around hot air blow ups. The celebration is held in Lamoureux Park on the St. Lawrence River and peculiarities, jubilee rides, blow up rides and unrecorded music. Lift Off pulls in a large number of guests. Entertainers have included Collective Soul, Trooper, Tom Cochrane, April Wine, Sass Jordan, Glass Tiger, Dennis Deyoung, Chantal Kreviazuk, Theory of a Deadman, Kim Mitchell & Max Webster guitarist, Peter Fredette, Finger Eleven, Amanda Marshall, Our Lady Peace, and Marianas Trench Template:citation neded.
Cornwall is home to numerous neighborhood philanthropies and non-benefit associations. The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario, Big Brothers Big Sisters of Canada, La Guarde Nativite de Cornwall, Canadian Cancer Society, the Agape Center (which serves free dinners to more than 100 inhabitants a day), Salvation Army, United Way,